American Water Treatment in Las Vegas offers a salt-free system that is an innovative solution that prevents all the negative effects of calcium and magnesium, while allowing the positive health benefits to remain. The system is maintenance free, chemical free, salt free, and does not require electricity.
The classical water softening unit operates based on ion exchange; exchanging hard calcium and magnesium ions in water with an equivalent amount of soft sodium ions. The salt free system acts as a catalyst by accelerating the transformation of the calcium and magnesium minerals into harmless Nano particles. When the inlet water goes into the water conditioner tank, the up flow pulls the water through the fluidized salt free system which then acts as a catalyst. It pulls the water through a bed of media, and the hard minerals of calcium and magnesium are then transformed into inactive crystal particles. Because the hard minerals have been transformed, these particles make their way through the plumbing systems without attaching on to pipes, fixtures, valves, or heating elements. The salt free system is also a maintenance free system that does not require cost for salt.
WHAT IS THE MAIN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A WATER SOFTENER AND A SALT-FREE SYSTEM?
HOW DOES THE CALCIUM GET INTO THE WATER?
Much of our drinking water comes from ground water which originates from rain or snow fall that seeps into the ground, filling the open spaces, or pore space, within layers of sand or gravel beneath the land surface. As the rain or snow passes through the atmosphere, it becomes enriched with carbon dioxide and combines with the H2O to form solvent of calcium known as carbonic acid. As the rain seeps into the ground, the carbonic acid extracts calcium from the calcium rich stone and forms hydrogen carbonate. When the extraction process ends, the water is saturated with calcium and the carbonic acid. Depending on the ground quality, the amount of calcium and amount of carbonic acid determines the level calcium is extracted into the water.
HOW DOES THE CALCIUM SCALE DEVELOP ON PIPES AND HARDWARE?
Calcium scale is a hard-thick coating or covering of calcium carbonate that forms on heating elements and on the pipes and hardware of plumbing systems. As the calcium rich water enters the home, the carbonic acid/calcium equilibrium becomes interrupted within the pipes. Because the hydrogen carbonate is a very weak chemical compound, temperature increases, or movement cause the compound to breakdown and parts of the calcium, magnesium, and bicarbonate are no longer dissolved and attached to the surfaces of pipes, heater, and hardware. Overtime, the scale compounds and is very difficult and costly to remove.
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF CALCIUM?
Calcium creates scale on pipes, hardware, and surfaces. This leads to high energy costs for heaters and expensive repairs for ice machines, coffee machines, and other appliances. The scale also may breed bacteria.
Calcium enriched water is a health benefit and an important nutrient needed to help prevent or minimize diseases such as heart disease. Ideally, consumable water should contain adequate amounts of calcium and magnesium which are both found in hard water.